Nizhny Novgorod is one of the largest cities in Russia
with the population about 2 millions. It is situated about 250 miles east of
Moscow and offers insights into life in Russia's heartland.
Historically, Nizhny Novgorod was a commercial hub of
Russia, located at the strategic confluence of the Oka and Volga rivers.
This favorable geographic location promoted Nizhny Novgorod as one of the
trade and historical center of Russia. UNESCO has added the city to the
world’s Top-100 list of cities having international significance.
Sightseeing in Nizhny Novgorod
The Kremlin Ensemble is the central part of the ancient city
which occupies a relatively small territory on the dominating hill at the
confluence of the Oka and the Volga rivers.
The total area of N.Novgorod exceeds 200 sq. mi. The city is
divided into two halves by the Oka river. The historical center of the
city lies on a hill on the eastern bank of the Oka river, while the newer,
industrial side lies to the west Over its eight-century history the city has
jointed together a wide variety of architectural styles. At present, Nizhny
Novgorod is a welcoming modern large city with a well developed
infrastructure and profound recreation facilities.
The first wooden fortress was built here in 1221- this is
meant to be the city foundation year. The walls that now exist date as far
back as 1500 - 1511. Construction of the Kremlin wall on the steep hillside
was initiated by the Italian architect Peter Friazin. During the XVI century
the Kremlin endured 4 sieges. Eleven of the original thirteen towers have
The Archangel Michael Cathedral is the focal piece of the
Kremlin Ensemble. It is surrounded by several administrative buildings of
local and federal governments.
There is the Governor's former house and from 1990 it
accommodates the Art Museum with a splendid collection of icons, paintings
and sculptures. Along the Kremlin Wall, there is outside exhibition of
military equipment produced in N.Novgorod during the World War II.
|There is a fine
Concert Hall in the right wing of the local Administration building, the
place where annual A.D.Sakharov International musical festival is held.
Minin and Pozharsky Square The empty place in the front of the Kremlin
Wall is the city’s central square, where the city special events and
festivities take place. There are monuments in honor of past and present
heroes and the main streets are coming off the square. Bolshaia
Pokrovskaia Street Bolshaia Pokrovskaia Street, casually named Pokrovka,
connects Minin and Pozharsky Square with Gorky Square and crosses the
historical center. Bolshaia Polrovskaia is the major pedestrian street, a
favorite place for strolling and shopping. It takes approximately half an
hour to cover the distance from the Kremlin to Gorky Square if you do not
stop for shopping. Today, the street is remarkable for its architecture.
Most buildings date back to the nineteenth or the very beginning of the
Nizhny Novgorod Fair
The fair's Main Building, an example of
the Russian Style, dates back to 1896,
when an All-Russian Trade and Industry
Exhibition was held in
Nizhny Novgorod. The Main House
is an architectural landmark of the city. The
majority Russian and International
forums and exhibitions are held there.
Thus it is promoting N.
Novgorod Business and Industry
not only within Russia but all around the
world. Today it houses about
20 exhibitions and forums per year.